Home>Reports & Publications

 

Western, A. G. and Gowland, R. 2017

Spatial Epidemiology and 'Stress' Indicators: Detecting Vivax Malaria in Co-morbid Environments. Poster presentation at the Stressed Out Conference, UCL, London.

 

  Western, A. G. and Bekvalac, J. 2017

Hyperostosis frontalis interna in female historic skeletal populations: Age, sex hormones and the impact of industrialisation. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Vol. 162 (3) pp. 501-515.

 

  Western, A. G. 2017

Archaeological Investigations at the Site of the Former Worcester Royal Infirmary: New Evidence for Dissection and Amputation from a Provincial Hospital. Transactions of the Worcestershire Archaeological Society.

 

  Western, A. G. 2016

Osteological Analysis of Cremated Bone from Clifton Quarry, Kempsey, Worcestershire. OA1072.

 

Bekvalac, J. and Western, A. G. 2016

Manufactured Bodies: The Impact of Industrialisation on London Health. Poster presented at BABAO, 2016.

 

  Western, A. G. 2016

Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from the Horse and Groom site, Bourton on the Hill, Gloucestershire. L-PArchaeology/Urban Archaeology. OA1045.

Rare and well preserved middle Iron Age inhumation burial with strontium, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis undertaken.

 

 

 

 

 

  Western, A. G. 2016

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from the former Chapel of St. Mary's, Whittal Street, Birmingham. OA1065.

 

  Western, A. G. 2016

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from the South Side of Holy Trinity Church, Old Town, Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. OA1063.

A large assemblage of 304 articulated individuals in addition to an assemblage of 28,889 disarticulated fragments interred within the churchyard of Holy Trinity Church, dating from 1119AD to 1887AD.

 

Bekvalac, J. and Western, A. G. 2016

The Impact of Industrialization on Health. Radiol Open J. 1(3): pp 76-78.

 

  Western, A. G. 2015 Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from the Cathedral Square Roundabout, Worcester. OA1060
Bekvalac, J. and Western, A. G. 2015

The Impact of Industrialisation on Female Health: Understanding the Aetiology of Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna (2015) Poster presented at BABAO, 2015.

 

  Western, A. G. and Bekvalac, J. 2015

The Remains of a Humanitarian Legacy: Bioarchaeological Reflections of the Anatomized Human Skeletal Assemblage from the Worcester Royal Infirmary. In Gerdau-Radonic, K and McSweeney, K. (eds), Trends in Biological Anthropology 1. Oxbow Books, pp. 76-88.

 

  Connolly, E. Vaughan, T., Western, A. G. et al. 2015

Archaeological Investigations on the Flood Alleviation Scheme, Upton upon Severn, Worcestershire. Transactions of the Worcestershire Archaeological Society.

 

  Vaughan, T., Webster, J. and Western, A. G. 2015

Archaeological Investigations on the Flood Alleviation Scheme, Kempsey, Worcestershire. Transactions of the Worcestershire Archaeological Society.

 

  Western, A. G. 2015

Digital Radiography and historic contextualisation od the 19th century modified human skeletal remains from the Worcester Royal Infirmary, England. International Journal of Paleopathology, Vol. 10 (September), pp. 58-73

 

  Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2014

Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from the Worcester Royal Infirmary, Castle Street, Worcester. Worcestershire Archaeology Research Report No. 3, Worcestershire County Council.

A substantial disarticulated assemblage associated from the post-medieval Infirmary with evidence of post-mortem medical intervention, peri-mortem trauma and many patholoigcal lesions. Includes details of the associated finds and excavation.

 

 

  Dalwood, H., Baxter, I, Western, A. G. et al. 2015

Excavations at the University of Worcester, City Campus, Castle Street, Worcester. Transactions of the Worcestershire Archaeological Society.

 

 

Western, A. G. 2014

Osteological Analysis of the Cremated Bone from Cae'r Odyn, Pen y Garn, Rhydypennau, Ceredigion. Archaeology Wales Ltd. OA1050.

Small deposit of cremated bone from a funerary complex, idenitifed as human and radiocarbon dated to the Neolithic period.

 

  Bekvalac, J., Western, A. G. and Farmer, M. 2014

The Application of Direct Digital Radiographic Imaging to Skeletal Assemblages.

Presentation for the Annual Conference of the Anatomical Society, Univesity of Bradford, based upon current radiographic research undertaken on the human remains from the Worcester Royal Infirmary and St. Bride's Crypt, London.

 

Western, A. G. 2014

Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from Ovebury, Worcestershire. Worcestershire Archaeology. OA1046.

Two Roman inhumation burials.

 

  Bekvalac, J., Western, A. G. and Farmer, M. 2014 The Impact of Industrialisation on Health in London: Understanding the Aetiology of Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna.

Poster Presentation for the Annual Conference of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, Canada. Presentation of the initial results of digital radiographic research into the role of industrialisation in the prevalence of Hyperostosis Frontalis Interna (HFI) in skeletal populations, primarily based on individuals of known age and sex from St. Bride's Crypt, London.

 

Western, A. G. 2014

Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from the Old Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Upton-on-Severn, Worcestershire. Worcester Archaeology. OA1044.

Assemblage of 24 well preserved post-medieval inhumantions in addiditon to a collection of disarticulated bone with many examples of trauma and joint disease as well as a possible rare case of cancer. Also evidence for funerary practices from shroud pin preservation and staining, including the recovery of a lock of hair. Skeletal findings were set into their historical context using documentary evidence such as burial records and census data.

 

  Western, A. G. 2014

Osteological Assessment of Human Remains from Turing College, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent. Canterbury Archaeological Trust. OA1043.

Prehistoric cremtation burials with some unburned human bone deposits.

 

  Western, A. G. and Hurst, J. D.
2014

"Soft Heads": Evidence for Sexualized Warfare during the Later Iron Age from Kemerton Camp, Bredon Hill. In Knuesel, C. and Smith M. J. (eds). The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Pp. 161-184.

If human burials were our only window onto the past, what story would they tell? Skeletal injuries constitute the most direct and unambiguous evidence for violence in the past. Whereas weapons or defenses may simply be statements of prestige or status and written sources are characteristically biased and incomplete, human remains offer clear and unequivocal evidence of physical aggression reaching as far back as we have burials to examine. The studies in The Routledge Handbook of the Bioarchaeology of Human Conflict present an overview of the nature and development of human conflict from prehistory to recent times as evidenced by the remains of past people themselves in order to explore the social contexts in which such injuries were inflicted. A broadly chronological approach is taken from prehistory through to recent conflicts, however this book is not simply a catalogue of injuries illustrating weapon development or a narrative detailing ‘progress’ in warfare but rather provides a framework in which to explore both continuity and change based on a range of important themes which hold continuing relevance throughout human development.

 

Western, A. G.
2013

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from Kingston Down Anglo-Saxon Cemetery, Canterbury, Kent. Canterbury Archaeological Trust, OA1042.

 

Western, A. G.
2013

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from The Butts, Worcester City. Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service, OA1041.

 

Western, A. G.
2013

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from Yazor Brook, Credenhill, Herefordshire. Worcestershire Archive and Archaeology Service, OA1040. 

 

Bekvalac, J . and Western, A. G.
2013

The Application of Digital Radiographic Analysis to Skeletal Assemblages. Poster presentation, American Association of Physical Anthropologists Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

 

 

 

 

 

Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T.
2012

Osteological Analysis of the Cremated Bone from Banbury Lane, Middleton Cheyney, Northamptonshire. Archaeological Services and Consultancy Ltd. OA1038.

 

Western, A. G. and Bekvalac, J.
2012

'The Wandering Jew': The Humanitarian Role of Post-Mortem Examinations in the Identity of Pathology and Persons in the Early Modern Period. BABAO funded poster presentation, BABAO conference, University of Bournemouth.

 

Western, A. G.
2012

Osteological Analysis of the Cremated Bone from Brockhill Lane, Redditch, Worcestershire. WAAS. OA1039.

 

   Kausmally, T.
2012

Osteological Analysis of the Faunal Cremated Bone from Brockhill Lane, Redditch, Worcestershire. WAAS. FA1039.

 

 Western, A. G.
2012

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from St. Mary's Church, Kempsey, Worcestershire. WAAS. OA1037.
Analysis of 46 inhumated individuals and additional disarticulated elements from the late Saxon burial ground, a project to include stable isotope analysis to investigate diet and mobility during the period funded by the Environment Agency and carried out at the University of Durham.

 

 

Western, A. G.

Kausmally, T.

2012
A Star of the First Magnitude: Osteological and Historical Evidence for the Challenge of Provincial Medicine at the Worcester Royal Infirmary in the Nineteenth Century. In Mitchell, P. (ed.), Anatomical Dissection in Enlightenment England and Beyond, pp. 23-42.

William Hewsen and The Craven Street Anatomy School. In Mitchell, P. (ed.), Anatomical Dissection in Enlightenment England and Beyond, pp. 69-76.

Excavations of medical school and workhouse cemeteries undertaken in Britain in the last decade have unearthed fascinating new evidence for the way that bodies were dissected or autopsied in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This book brings together the latest discoveries by these biological anthropologists, alongside experts in the early history of pathology museums in British medical schools and the various royal colleges of surgeons, and medical historians studying the social context of dissection and autopsy in the Georgian and Victorian periods. Together they reveal a previously unknown view of the practice of anatomical dissection and the role of museums in this period, in parallel with the attitudes of the general population to the study of human anatomy in the Enlightenment.

 

Gowland, R. and Western, A. G. 2012

Morbidity in the Marshes: Using Spatial Epidemiology to Investigate Skeletal Evidence for Malaria in Anglo-Saxon England (AD410-1050). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 147 (2): 301-311. Ongoing research based at the University of Durham: Investigating Morbidity and Malaria in Wetland Anglo-Saxon Environments

 

  Hurst, D. and Western, A. G. 2012

New Light on Kemerton Camp, Bredon Hill, Worcestershire. In Royal Archaeological Institute Newsletter, 43, April, pp. 6-7. http://www.royalarchinst.org/sites/royalarchinst.org/files/Newsletter_43.pdf

 

  Western, A. G. 2012

A Basic Overview for the Recovery of Human Remains from Sites Under Development. BAJR Practical Guide 13

 

 

 

 

 

Western, A. G. with Warman, S. 2012

Osteological Analysis of the Cremated Bone from the Rotherwas Access Road, Herefordshire. WAAS. OA1036.

 

  Western, A. G. 2012

Osteological Assessment of Human Remains from the Old Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Upton-upon-Severn, Worcestershire. WAAS. OA1035.

 

  Western, A. G. 2011

Osteological Assessment of Human Remains from St. Mary's Church, Kempsey, Worcestershire. WHEAS. OA1034.

 

  Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2011

  Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from the Worcester Royal Infirmary, Castle Street, Worcester. WHEAS. OA1030. (Updated). A substantial disarticulated assemblage associated from the post-medieval Infirmary with evidence of post-mortem medical intervention, peri-mortem trauma and many patholoigcal lesions.

 

 

 

Western, A. G. 2011

Osteological Assessment of Human Remains from Grange Farm, Towersey, Thame, Oxon. Benchmark Archaeology. OA1032.

 

  Bekvalac, J. and Kausmally, T. 2011

The Human Remains. In Grainger, I. and Phillpotts, C. (eds.), The Cistercian Abbey of St. Mary Graces, East Smithfield, London. London: MoLAS Monograph Series.

 

  Sworn, S., Jacobs, A., Pearson, E. and Western, A. G. 2010

Archaeological Fieldwork at Worcester College of Technology (All Saints Building), Worcester. In Trans. Worcestershire Archaeol. Soc. 3rd ser., 20: 261:276.

 

  Western, A. G. 2010

Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from The Hoplands, Sleaford, Lincolnshire. APS. OA1031.
A Roman cemetery site containing 54 articulated individuals and a small amount of disarticulated elements, with interesting patterns of pathology such as trauma, inflammation and joint disease
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  Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2010

Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from the Worcester Royal Infirmary, Castle Street, Worcester. WHEAS. OA1030. A substantial disarticulated assemblage associated from the post-medieval Infirmary with evidence of post-mortem medical intervention, peri-mortem trauma and many patholoigcal lesions.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2009

The human and animal bones from Zones A and B. In Fenton-Thomas, C
A place by the Sea: Excavations at Sewerby Cottage Farm, Bridlington.
On-Site-Archaeology Monograph No 1. 271-277

These excavations recorded two phases of Prehistory: there was a sequence of occupation activity in the middle and late Neolithic with buildings and finds-rich deposits containing pottery and flint waste important for the stratigraphical relationships discovered; in the later Iron Age and Romano-British time there is evidence of land boundaries, a rural farming settlement, crop-driers, fence-lines, droveways, abandoned by the mid-third century AD. Finds of 8/9th century Ipswich ware show further late Saxon activity.

 

Western, A. G. 2009

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from City College, Southampton, Hampshire. SCC Archaeology Unit. OA1029.
Remains of a single inhumated Saxon individual.

 

Western, A. G. 2009

Osteological Analysis of the Cremated Human Remains from Buttington Cross, Welshpool, Powys, Wales. WHEAS. OA1028.
Rare Bronze Age double cremation containing two subadults and bone pendant fragments.

 

 

 

 

Western, A. G. 2009

Osteoarchaeological Analysis of the Skeletal Remains from Sainsbury's Site, St. Johns, Worcester. WHEAS. OA1027.
Several Roman inhumation burials with evidence of decapitation and prone burial.

 

  Kausmally,T. 2009

(Institute of Archaeology, UCL) The Craven Street Anatomy School (1774-1778). 18th-century anatomical teaching seen from an archaeological perspective. Presentation for the Centre for Health, Medicine and Society, Oxford.

Born in Northumberland in 1739, Hewson received medical training in Newcastle-upon-Tyne before departing for London, where he attended William Hunter’s renowned anatomy school, as well as the hospital schools of Guy’s and St Thomas’. He became assistant and partner at Hunter’s school, before setting up his school at Craven Street in 1772. Hewson’s short-lived school provides a well defined snapshot of anatomical teaching prior to the Anatomy Act of 1832 when, without a legitimate source of corpses, surgeons had no choice but to turn to the infamous 'bodysnatcher' for supply.

 

  Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2008

Re-analysis of the Human Remains from Kemerton Camp Hill Fort, Bredon Hill, Gloucestershire: an investigation into bio-archaeological indicators of coalition violence. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. More details >
Large and rare disarticulated Iron Age assemblage from the final phase of an Iron Age Hill fort with much evidence of peri-mortem sharp force and blunt force trauma.

 

  Robert Cowie, Jelena Bekvalac and Tania Kausmally 2008

Late 17th- to 19th-century burial and earlier occupation at All Saints, Chelsea Old Church, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. Archaeology Studies Series. MoLAS2008

Excavations at 2–4 Old Church Street revealed prehistoric activity, a Roman rural settlement, and medieval gardens and domestic occupation associated with a medieval manor house, although most of the evidence for settlement related to the post-medieval period, when Chelsea changed from a village to a riverside resort and finally a suburb. A churchyard occupied the southern half of the site; here were recovered the skeletons of 290 parishioners buried between c 1700 and the mid 19th century, including two members of the Hand family who ran the Chelsea Bun House. The report considers various aspects of the cemetery, including its layout, and analysis of 198 skeletons provides demographic data for comparison with other London cemeteries and information on the health of this community.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2008

A History in Bone: William Hewson and the Craven Street Anatomy School. 17th European Meeting of the Paleopathological Association “Diseases in the Past” Copenhagen, Denmark 25-27th August

 

Western, A. G. 2007

An assessment of the human remains and funerary archaeology. In Williams, P. An Archaeological Recording at All Saint's Church, Bisley, Gloucestershire. Mercian Archaeology. PJ200.

 

Western, A. G. 2007

Osteological Analysis of a Human Skeleton from a Capuchin Monastery, Antwerp, Belgium. OA1014.
One medieval individual with pathological syndrome.

 

  Bekvalac, J. & Leach, S. 2007

An introduction to human remains:St Peter’s church, Barton-upon- Humber, Lincolnshire. Outreach Project for English Heritage Open Day.

 

  Western, A. G. 2007

Osteological Analysis of the Interred and Cremated Skeletal Assemblage from an Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Highfield Farm, Littleport, Cambridgeshire. Archaeological Project Services. OA1013.
Large inhumation Anglo-Saxon cemetery containing 93 inhumated individuals and 4 cremation burials.

 

 

  Kausmally, T. 2007

Book Review: Photographic regional atlas of bone disease: a guide to pathologic and normal variation in the human skeleton. Med Hist. 2007 July 1; 51(3): 409–410

 

  Kausmally, T. 2007

The animal bones. Excavations at the gardens, Sprotborough, South Yorkshire. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 79, 303-305

 

  Griffin S., Western, A. G., Mann, A., & Dalwood, H. 2006

A Late Iron Age Burial at Old Yew Hill Wood, Church Lench. In Trans. Worcestershire Archaeol. Soc., 3rd ser., 20:1-9.

 

 

Kausmally, T. 2006

Analysis of the Faunal Remains from Hill Croft, Bodenham, Herefordshire. Herefordshire Archaeology . OA/FA1013.

 

Western, A. G. 2006

Osteological Analysis of the Cremated Remains from Castle Field, Stapleton, Herefordshire. Herefordshire Archaeology. OA/FA1012.

 

Western, A. G. 2006

Osteological Analysis of the Human Remains from St. Andrew's Burial Ground, Worcester. Worcester Historic Environment and Archaeological Service. OGW1011. Case Study
Inhumated remains of 24 individuals and a substantial disarticulated assemblage from the post-medieval cemetery with many examples of pathology.

 

  Brickley, M., Berry, H., & Western, A. G. 2006

The People: Physical Anthropology in St. Martin's Uncovered: Investigations in the Churchyard of St Martin's-in-the-Bull Ring, Birmingham, 2001, by Brickley, M., Buteux, S., Adams, J. & Cherrington, R. Oxbow Books.

The archaeological excavations at St. Martin's churchyard, Birmingham uncovered 857 burials dating to the late 18th and the 19th century. The burials represent a cross-section of Birmingham's population during the peiod of the Industrial Revolution. Detailed anthropological analysis was carried out on a sample of 505 of the skeletons, investigating aspects of demography and health. Compared to the modern British population, the analysis revealed a high prevalence of metabolic diseases, such as scurvy and rickets. The results of these and other pathological conditions reveal that there were very real links between the prevalence of diseases and the socio-economic status of the individuals under investigation.

 

  Bekvalac, J. and Kausmally, T. 2006

Chelsea Lives: A Record in Bone. The Chelsea Society Report 2006. 34-49.

 

Kausmally, T. and Western, A. G. 2005

Human and Faunal Remains from Gramer House, Mancetter, Warwickshire. Mercian Archaeology PJ153.

 

Kausmally, T. and Western, A. G. 2005

Excavation of Faunal Skeletal Remains from Archaeological Sites. BAJR.

 

Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2005

Analysis of the Cremated Bone from Roman Road, near Stretton Sugwas, Herefordshire. Mercian Archaeology, PJ 140

 

Powers, N. 2005

Cranial Trauma and Treatment: A Case Study from the Medieval Cemetery of St. Mary Spital, London. Int. J. of Osteoarchaeology 15: 1-14

 

Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2005

A Field Guide to the Excavation of Inhumated Human Remains. BAJR.

 

 

 

 

 

Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2004

A Basic Overview for the Recovery of Human Remains from Sites Under Development. BAJR.

 

Western, A. G. and Kausmally, T. 2004

Human Remains from George Lane and Furzen Farm, near Wyre Piddle, Worcestershire.Mercian Archaeology, PJ 120

 

Western, A. G. 2004

Human Remains from the Commandery, Worcester. Mercian Archaeology, PJ 116
Case Study

 

Western, A. G. 2003

Human Remains from the Chapter House, Worcester Cathedral. Mercian Archaeology, PJ 112
Case Study

 

Western, A. G. 2003

Osteological Analysis of Human Remains from Upper Moor, near Wyre Piddle, Worcestershire. Mercian Archaeology, PJ 108.

 

  Brickley, M., Berry, H. and Western, A. G. 2004

Health and the onset of urbanisation and industrialisation in 18th and 19th century: Investigations at St. Martin's Churchyard, Birmingham. Paper presented at: the British Association of Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology.

 

  Brickley, M., Adams J., Berry H. and Western, A. G. 2003

Palaeopathological investigations at the historic cemetery of St. Martins, England. American Journal of Physical Anthropology Supplement 36.

 

  Brickley, M., Berry, H., Ives R., and Western, A. G. 2003

Fractures: Prevalence, Treatment and Healing: An insight into medicine and society in 18th and 19th century Birmingham. Paper presented at: Medicine and Society in Midlands Conference, Birmingham.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2003

Report on Abbots Mews Hotel, York - oesteological assemblage. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2003

Report on Sewerby Cottage Farm Inhumations, Cremated Bone and Zooarchaeological Remains. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Griffin, S., Mann, A. and Western, A. G. 2002

Excavation at Old Yew Hill Wood, Church Lench, Worcestershire. Archaeological Service, Worcestershire County Council, Report 904.

 

  Kausmally, T 2002

Report on a human inhumation from All Saints School, Blossom St., York. On-site Archaeology, York

 

  Kausmally, T. 2002

Report on six inhumations at 136, Lawrence St., York, St. Nicholas Hospital, Medieval. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2002

Report on a human inhumation from Mill Mount, York. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2002

Report on a human juvenile inhumation from Mill Mount, York. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2002

An assessment ofthe osteological assemblage, Hungate, York. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2002

Report on the zooarchaeological remains from the Malham-Hellifield pipeline. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2002

Report on the zooarchaeological remains from an evaluation on Speculation St., York. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

  Kausmally, T. 2002

Transco-West Hull - Pipeline project 2001/2002 - Osteological Assessment Report. On-site Archaeology, York.

 

 

                           
 
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